Food for Thought - The Role of Agricultural Technology in the Alleviation of Poverty
With the world population projected to exceed 9.2 billion by 2050, natural resources are proving to be unsustainable, as production is exhausting arable land and remaining insufficient to satisfy world hunger. These deficiencies are creating areas of extreme poverty and malnutrition across the globe. Agricultural technology, specifically in the form of vertical farming, biotechnology, and wireless sensors, has the potential to alleviate such poverty by increasing agricultural production and output, and improving global food security.
A systematic trend analysis will be used to measure the influence that changes in population growth, malnutrition, and available land will have on poverty, and how agricultural technologies can help reverse some of these trends. Given the direction of these trend projections, an expected future regarding levels of crop production and malnourishment will be considered. Uncertainties, such as low fertility and mortality rates, climate change, natural disasters, technological advancements, and government cooperation, can disrupt current trends and alter the course of the expected future.
Alternative futures will consider potential scenarios that could arise from different rates of population growth and different levels of government cooperation and involvement. From these alternative futures, a preferred future will be defined and necessary actions to achieve this preferred future will be outlined.
Realization of the preferred future will require involvement both from the private and public sectors, as well as successful implementation of technological innovations in order to increase production efficiency and output.